About Ethiopia

●Where is Ethiopia?
It is located on the northern part of Africa just above the equator, also well known as the Horn of Africa. The area is about three times that of Japan with a population of half of Japan (80 million).
The altitude reaches from 1800 to 2400 meters above sea level which is very comfortable climate.


●Ethiopia: A Place of 3 Origins
As a country with over 3000 years of history which is one of the oldest in Africa, it is bestowed with 3 origins that are the following:

1. The origin of mankind
2. The origin of coffee
3. The origin of the Blue Nile River

●Religions in Ethiopia
The central and northern part of Ethiopia is made up of one of the oldest religions which is the Orthodox Christians, while the eastern part of is made up of Muslims.

≪Picture1: Lalibela is an underground rock church recorded as a World Heritage sight.≫
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≪Picture2: This picture shows the castle walls of the city of Harar which is a Muslim populated city.≫

●World Heritages in Ethiopia
1. Aksum(1980)
2. Simien National Park(1978)
3. Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region (1979)
4. Lalibela Church (1978)
5. Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town (2006)
6. Tiya (1980)
7. Awash River (1980)
8. Omo River (1980)

●Outline of Ethiopia
Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Land(area): 1,157,600sq km
Population: 74,777,981 (CIA The World Factbook 2006) 3rd largest in Africa (World rank 18th )
Capital City: Addis Ababa (2,646,000)
Other Cities: Dire Dawa (237,012), Nazareth (189,362)
Highest point: Ras Dashen 4620m
Common Languages: Amharic, English
Major Religions: Orthodox Christian, Islam, Tradtional religions
Currency: Birr
Main Exports: Coffee, Leather, Beans, Oil Seeds
Regime: Federal Republic
Head of State: Girma Woldegiorgis
Parliament: Bicameral system (Ethnic representing parliament(Lower House)), Republic Parliament (Upper House)
Average Income per person: $160 (World Bank 2005)